A team of biologists has discovered new species of fish swimming deep in the waters of Australia. The strange-looking deep-sea fish have long sharp teeth, some of them are tar-black, while others have poisonous sting hidden in their tail.
The animals were found by researchers working for the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation while they were on a research trip off the coast of Sydney. Some of the species of fish discovered include a black fish with no scales on its body and long fangs, a fish that looks like an eel called diacanthidae, and the scary-looking chauliodontidae, a species of deep-sea fish with very big front teeth.
Iain Suthers, one of the marine biologists who discovered the fish species, said he is extremely excited to have found such a wide variety of new critters on the sea floor. Suthers added that the recent discovery will help scientists study small fish in a different way. According to Sutthers, biologists previously assumed that fish only lived in the coastal estuaries, and as soon as the larvae were taken out the sea the fish would die. In fact, the researchers found that the ocean eddies act like nursery grounds for fisheries along Australia’s coast.
But the new species of fish were not the only interesting things the scientists discovered during their voyage. They also found a cluster of four massive volcanoes on the sea floor.
The biologists found the ancient volcanoes at about 200 km off the Coast of Sydney using a new ocean explorer vessel. The four volcanoes have been underwater for more than 50 million years, and the scientists said they weren’t even expecting to come across such discovery, which makes it even more amazing.
According to the researchers, the new ocean explorer is called RV Investigator and thanks to it they were able to find four volcanoes under more than 5 km of ocean. The Investigator was in the area with other scientific goals and after mapping the sea floor as it traveled, it identified the volcanoes.
The previous ocean exploring vessel could only map the sea to 3,000 m, which made it unable to map important geological structures like calderas. The new Investigator can map the sea at any depth, which makes it a lot easier to discover new things, the researchers explained.
Richard Arculus, one of the scientists involved in the research, said this is an extremely important find because it shows how little we know about our Planet’s sea and ocean floor.
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