The hot weather can not only be uncomfortable but also it can cause heat exhaustion and stroke.
The best advice would be to stay inside and turn the air conditioning on. If that is not possible, it is for the best to shade away from the sun and wear loose clothing in light colors.
Alcohol and coffee must also be avoided. It is not the coffee in itself that can cause troubles, but the caffeine. Thus, all beverages that contain the substance must be consumed in moderation.
In order to prevent any dangerous medical condition, a person should consume a sufficient quantity of water and find ways to cool itself, such as staying in the shadow or taking regular baths.
Heat exhaustion appears when the body has rapidly lost a large quantity of water and salt.
The symptoms of heat exhaustion are headaches and dizziness. The changes in the rhythm of breathing involve shallow breathing with rapid gasps for air. The skin may turn pale, and it undergoes heavy sweating.
The medical condition can be dangerous because it can put a lot of pressure on the heart, brain, liver, lungs and kidneys.
If the heat exhaustion is left unaddressed, it can develop into a heat stroke.
Heat stroke can be signaled by dry, hot, mottled skin, with shades of red. Usually, a person that suffers from heat stroke will not sweat, with the exception of physically fit individuals and humid weather.
The illness appears when the body has sweated out all the fluid reserve, and the body starts to close down its biological processes.
The first aid in the case of heat strokes involves moving the person out of the heat, into an air-conditioned room or in the shade, and trying to make them cool without inducing shivering.
The unnecessary clothing must be removed, and the air has to be permitted to circle freely on the skin. Fanning can also help, along with cooling the surface of the body with a wet sponge or flannel.
The person should be offered water in abundance, fruit juice or rehydration drinks.
Heat strokes are often combined with high body temperatures and seizures, and can result in death and brain damage. The authorities advise calling 911 if someone appears to have the stroke symptoms.
In the case of heat exhaustion, someone should stay with the ill person until the symptoms go away, and to call an ambulance if they do not recover in 30 minutes time.
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