Based on the latest study, roughly ninety percent of the United States children have a higher than recommended daily salt intake.
Scientists from the US CDC underline that this high salt intake can increase the risks of long-term consequences on kids, especially related to cardiovascular conditions.
The foods which children should avoid are bread rich in sodium, processed snacks, and cold cuts. Also, some soups contain a high amount of sodium. According to Zerleen Quader, lead author of the study and CDC data analyst, it is a common fact that all people living in the United States consume a higher sodium intake daily, and this primarily affects the young population.
The team analyzed the data collected between 2011 and 2012 from over 2,100 children with ages between six and 18 years old across the country. The median daily salt intake was 3,256 mg, without including the table salt.
The recommended daily salt intake ranges between 1,900 mg and 2,300 mg daily, but it can depend on age as well. The researchers discovered that median sodium intake levels were the highest in teenagers between 14 and 18 years.
More precisely, these teens consumed 3,565 mg of salt every day. Compared to boys, girls have a significantly lower daily salt intake of 2,919 mg versus 3,584 mg, based on the scientists’ estimates.
Snacks and breakfast consist of 15 percent of average sodium intake, lunch 31 percent, and dinner 39 percent, meaning that children are consuming more salt in the evening.
Experts established that there were ten types of products which accounted for roughly 50 percent of the children’s salt intake: poultry, plain milk, cheese, savory snacks, soups, cold cuts, bread, burgers or sandwiches, Mexican dishes, and pizza.
Food from school cafeterias accounted for 10 percent of the salt intake, pizza and fast-food for 16 percent, and grocery-store foods for 58 percent. A high daily salt consumption can lead to elevated blood pressure, as scientists discovered that one in nine kids between eight and 17 years old have higher-than-average blood pressure.
Quader stresses that reducing the daily salt intake represents one of the fundamental strategies used by the public health specialists to drop off the risks of heart diseases across the United States.
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