After going unnamed for half a decade, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) finally approves the official names of Tennesine (Ts), Nihonium (Nh), Oganesson (Og), and Moscovium (Mc). With the discovery of these four super heavy elements, the seventh row of the periodic table is now complete.
The super heavy elements do not occur naturally. These have been synthesized from 2002 to 2010 and went unnamed until November 30th, 2016, until IUPAC officially recognized them and approved their names.
More importantly is that Nihonium is the first element discovered by Asian researchers. The root, Nihon, translates to English as Japan, or more commonly known by its people as the Land of the Rising Sun. Nihonium was discovered by a team of researchers at the RIKEN Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science on August 2012.
The team was led by Kosuke Morita who teaches physics at the Kyushu University. The group takes pride in being the first Asian scientists to discover a new periodic table element since all others have been previously found by western researchers. In the future, Kosuke Moria hopes to discover more elements, even heavier that would ultimately make it into the periodic table.
Tennessine and Moscovoium are two other super heavy elements that have been officially approved by the Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. As their names suggest, the Tennessine represents the way of the American scientists to honor the region where the element has been created. Moreover, the scientists chose this particular spelling because Tenessine is a halogen, which by convention ends in the suffix “-ine”.
Moscovium was discovered by a joint team of Russian and American researchers. The super heavy element was first synthesized in 2003 at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia.
The fourth element to make it into the periodic table is also the only one that has not been named after a location. The Oganesson is associated with the name of a prolific Russian element hunter, Yuri Oganessian. According to Live Science, the Russian scientist has played a major part in the development of the elements 104 to 120 of the periodic table. Furthermore, Yuri Oganessian also contributed on numerous pieces on transactinide elements.
Now that the seventh row of the periodic table is complete, the scientists are struggling to develop even heavier elements than the most recently discovered ones.
Image Source: Wikipedia