Although prostate cancer is a disease that usually affects senior male patients, this disease is among the lowest growing forms of cancer worldwide.
Based on the estimates, roughly 209,000 men in the United States are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. It is worth mentioning that this condition is asymptomatic in the first stage. Those most at risk are men over 65 years old.
Many oncologists say that the patients have a high survival rate if the disease is spotted in its early stages. More precisely, over 2.9 million American patients diagnosed with this conditions are currently alive.
Nevertheless, around 60 percent of the senior patients over 60 years are more likely to die of prostate cancer compared with younger patients. Also, the treatment is quite challenging because it has some side effects and complications.
Furthermore, this treatment may vary depending on the stage of the disease. Staging represents the method of describing how much the cancer has spread in a patient’s body and its location. This way, the doctors determines the size of the tumor, and how to prevent it from spreading further.
When someone receives a prostate cancer diagnose, the staging is usually based on imaging tests, biopsies, and PSA blood tests. The noncancerous and cancerous cells in the prostate gland produce PSA, which is a protein.
When a patient has a higher PSA level, it means that he has an advanced form of cancer. Also, the PSA is constantly monitored so that the doctor will know how aggressive the tumor has become. Biopsies are usually done in a physician’s office, while imaging tests include bone, MRI, or CT scans.
Patients with stage one prostate cancer have only one part of their prostate affected by the disease. Also, when the PSA level is under ten, it means that the patient is suffering from a slow growing form of cancer.
In the case of a stage two cancer, the cancer cells grow at a faster rate. In this situation, either one part or both sides of the prostate have been affected.
In patients with stage 3, cancer has already spread outside their prostate into the semen glands or seminal vesicles. Last but not least, stage 4 means that the prostate cancer has spread to other areas such as pelvic bones, lymph nodes, spine, lungs, liver, and bladder.
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