Worldwide, researchers are trying to discover better biosignatures regarding prostate cancer. Therefore, they are trying to improve prostate cancer tests.
Moreover, september is the Prostate Cancer Awareness month, therefore men should take the initiative of getting tested for prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is one of the leading types of cancer in men. The National Cancer Institute said that each year 30,000 men die due to this illness.
Scientific circles are trying to come up with tests that would imply the distinction between aggressive and non-aggressive variants of prostate cancer. They want to pinpoint better biomarkers in terms of test results.
According to health experts, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) qualifies as a biomarker. Biomarkers, also called biosignatures, are, roughly put, chemicals which reveal whether there’s an illness in a person’s body.
PSA is secreted in the prostate gland, whereas the PSA secretion highly increases when prostate cancer might settle in. However, high PSA levels don’t always pinpoint the fact that a person has developed prostate cancer.
The PSA test is conducted in order to find out whether a person has prostate cancer, but it can be “falsely positive,” as limitations might be encountered in the test.
The PSA screening is, basically, a prostate specific antigen blood test, which indicates whether a man’s suffering from prostate cancer or not.
In order to detect better biomarkers regarding prostate cancer, there would be two valid options. The first one is encompassed by DNA tests of prostate tissue, as these genetic tests might indicate whether the prostate cancer is aggressive or not. If the cells in the prostate gland did become cancerous, immediate treatment is required.
The second option is pointed out by blood tests, which would detect potential circulating tumor cells.
Moreover, young men are prone to develop the aggressive variant of prostate cancer, according to scientists at the University of Michigan. When a young man is diagnosed with prostate cancer, this usually means that the disease is due to a rapidly-growing tumor.
The risk factors for the potential development of prostate cancer include: obesity, smoking, age, geography, diet or lifestyle habits, or inflammation of the prostate.
An awareness signal should be drawn, as men should get a PSA screening as they turn 40 years of age.
Photo Credits medscape.com