Scientists claimed that they discovered the entire procedure behind the melting of polar ice shelves.
The way through which warm water got into cold areas were a big mystery since several years. NASA even stated that it is impossible to stop the disastrous melt of ice sheets in the cold regions.
Recently, a group of researchers of the California Institute of Technology revealed the most comprehensive report of things that happens under the Southern Ocean.
Generally, experts accumulate oceanic temperature measurements through different satellite. Unfortunately, scientists failed to discover a more feasible method for the Antarctic Sea.
Andrew Thompson, the main author of the study stated that it is extremely difficult place to reach even with ships. Moreover, the warm water is present deep inside the ocean which makes observation more complex for the researches.
Therefore, experts utilized underwater robot dolphins in order to solve the mystery. They used an extremely long torpedo drones that appears like a dolphin. These robotic dolphins can effortlessly cross the ocean with less amount of energy. In addition, they can stay in the deep water for a longer time period. The robotic dolphins move up and down in the water in order to pass the precious data to the scientist.
Earlier, military forces, research organizations utilized underwater drone to discover the ocean. On the other hand, Fossil Fuel makes use of self-sufficient subs to search the hidden oil and gas reserves. At the beginning of this year, U.S Navy sends a special underwater drone to find the missing Malaysian airline.
The study is printed in detail in the Journal Nature Geoscience.