Imagine a future when seeing a car being driven by an actual human being will be a thing of the past. Self-driving cars will be everywhere and according to a new study, they will help reduce the levels of pollution.
The new study suggests that self-driving taxis could significantly reduce the levels of greenhouse gas emissions. The study was conducted by a team of researchers from Berkeley Lab who wanted to see how much greenhouse gas was emitted by different automobiles. According to their findings, driverless cabs would be the least harmful for the environment
The scientists found that by the year 2030, greenhouse gas emissions would be between 63% and 83% lower because of self-driving automobiles, compared to the levels of pollution other types of cars would still produce. The study revealed that compared to a 2014 car that runs on gasoline, the self-driving taxis could lower the emissions by 90%.
Jeffery Greenblatt, one of the researchers who conducted the study, explained that autonomous vehicles could really help cut down the levels of pollution because they don’t use any or use very little fuel. Greenblatt said that the levels of pollution would also be reduced by making the cars smaller. Car manufacturers are currently working on producing self-driving cars with one or two seats.
According to Greenblatt, many taxis are taken by a single person, which means that a one-seat car would be more than sufficient to ensure a safe and pleasant ride, while also reducing the greenhouse gas emissions. Smaller self-driving cars could mean less energy used and less pollution.
The researchers believe that by year 2030, the majority of U.S power plants will be using higher levels of renewable energy and will emit less greenhouse gases, compared to the levels of pollution emitted in the present.
Lowering the levels of pollution is not the only benefit of self-driving cars. Experts say that driverless vehicles can also brake and accelerate more smoothly compared to cars that are operated by human drivers. Also, autonomous cars can drive behind each other safer and faster, which would save a lot of energy.
The study suggests that self-driving taxis would be less expensive compared to a regular taxi not only because it uses less energy, but also because a human driver would not be necessary.
The researchers detailed their findings on the benefits of self-driving cars and the impact they will have on the environment in the journal Nature Climate Change</em
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