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A novel archaeological study, which was published in the journal, Science stated that, thousands of artifacts from the Paleolithic era recovered from a 325,000 years old place in Armenia. These artifacts enable the researchers to gather data regarding how ancient advancements developed and spread around the globe.
Our Ancestors didn’t rely on Technology Transfer
The researchers believed that ‘local innovation’ rather than ‘population expansion’ drove technological developments into the ancient times. Certainly, this means our ancestors didn’t need to wait for the technology transfer. Instead, they better develop new technologies on their own. This was the way how technologies emerged in Eurasia around 325,000 years ago.
Innovation in the Era of Stone Age
The team of researchers from all around the world, including a group Royal Holloway, University of London had basis to think that an ancient technique named as ‘Levallois’ was used to create hunting weapons. These weapons were actually originated in Africa and transmitted to the other continents. Moreover, this technology was in fact previously part of these earliest Armenian groups, who flourished 325,000-335,000 years ago.
Another technique used in this region is known as ‘Bi-face’ which could be believed as somewhat similar to Levallois. These instruments were firstly analyzed by the researchers and told that the volcanic material was used in them, which was discovered in Nor Geghi in Kotayk Province, Armenia.
With the invention of these ancient instruments, the researchers would be able to get into the fresh and novel insights that ancient groups were believed to be more innovative. These groups have adapted two diverse technologies in order to create instruments which were essential for their hunting culture.
With the expansion of population around the globe, Levallois and biface techniques rapidly extended across Africa to Eurasia. After studying the tools in Armenia, the researchers found that a ‘Bi-face’ technique was not actually derived from Levallois. Though, both techniques are somewhat similar to one another.
A mass of stone-shaped is used in both techniques into hunting tools, which looks like sharp and thin flakes. Though, the major difference is that, with the help of Levallois technique, you can shape tools by prominent flakes from a prepared core evocative of lithic reduction. In contrast, the Bi-face technique is basic. It will use two sides of stone in order to shape out flakes to make big tools such as axes.