Thus far, the Ust’-Ishim’s thigh bone is the most ancient bone discovered. It belongs to a boy who died somewhere in Siberia nearly 24000 years ago. However, this tiny bone revealed some significant ancient secrets.
Recently, scientists sequenced the genome of the thigh bone of the oldest man. The researchers put this bone side by side to the ancient people who lived in Europe and Asia. The group of these people was known as Neanderthals that annihilated nearly 40,000 years ago.
Fortunately, the study shed some light upon the migration pattern of the ancient people. It provides important clues associated with the time of mating between the modern humans and Neanderthal.
It unveiled that Neanderthal and modern human came across each other almost 50,000 to 60,000 years ago. They contain nearly two percent of Neanderthal DNA which is equivalent to the proportion of modern East Asians and Europeans.
Moreover, the location of thigh bone further verified the study. This piece of bone was found from a village that was populated by both the East Asians and Europeans.
The group of researchers who belong to Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology uncovered these significant points. The panel is struggling hard for several years to find out the remains of DNA from ancient remnant.
The study is printed in the Wednesday issue of Journal Nature.